William Henry Fox Talbot

British Photographer | Born: 1800 - Died: 1877

William Henry Fox Talbot was born on 11 February 1800 in Melbury, Dorset, into a well-connected family. His father died when he was less than a year old and he and his mother lived in a succession of homes until she remarried in 1804. Talbot went to Cambridge University in 1817.

In 1832, he married Constance Mundy and the same year was elected as MP for Chippenham. In 1833, while visiting Lake Como in Italy, his lack of success at sketching the scenery prompted him to dream up a new machine with light-sensitive paper that would make the sketches for him automatically. On his return to England, he began work on this project at his home at Lacock Abbey in Wiltshire.

Thomas Wedgwood had already made photograms - silhouettes of leaves and other objects - but these faded quickly. In 1827, Joseph Nicéphore de Niepce had produced pictures on bitumen, and in January 1839, Louis Daguerre displayed his 'Daguerreotypes' - pictures on silver plates - to the French Academy of Sciences. Three weeks later, Fox Talbot reported his 'art of photogenic drawing' to the Royal Society. His process based the prints on paper that had been made light sensitive, rather than bitumen or copper-paper.

Fox Talbot went on to develop the three primary elements of photography: developing, fixing, and printing. Although simply exposing photographic paper to the light produced an image, it required extremely long exposure times. By accident, he discovered that there was an image after a very short exposure. Although he could not see it, he found he could chemically develop it into a useful negative. The image on this negative was then fixed with a chemical solution. This removed the light-sensitive silver and enabled the picture to be viewed in bright light. With the negative image, Fox Talbot realised he could repeat the process of printing from the negative. Consequently, his process could make any number of positive prints, unlike the Daguerreotypes. He called this the 'calotype' and patented the process in 1841. The following year was rewarded with a medal from the Royal Society for his work.

Fox Talbot was also an eminent mathematician, an astronomer and archaeologist, who translated the cuneiform inscriptions from Nineveh. He died on 11 September 1877.

Source: BBC

William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
David Bailey: SUMO
 
 

More Great Photographers To Discover

Marcin Owczarek
Nationality: Polish
Born: 1985
My art has always been focusing on condition of our globe and the condition of man. My antiutopian, critical photography is based on the anthropological research. I focus on exploring and interpreting the impact of: new technologies, bio-science, unconscious, fears, morals, social situations, behaviors, habits, rituals, biological changes, the use of animals, depression in urban envi...ronments, destruction of the soil, overpopulation, deforestation, universal famine and - (…)
Marcin Owczarek
Marcin Owczarek
Marcin Owczarek
Marcin Owczarek
Marcin Owczarek
Marcin Owczarek
Marcin Owczarek
Marcin Owczarek
 
Andreas Franke
Nationality: Austrian
Andreas Franke is in the business for more than twenty years. For Luerzer‘s Archive he is among the 200 Best Photographers. He worked for great brands like Ben&Jerry's, Coca-Cola, Ford, General Electric, Gillette, Heineken, Nike, Visa or Wrigley‘s. His still lifes and his surreal effects are famous. In his pictures every little detail is planned precisely. There is no space left for fortuity. Andreas Franke is a traveler. He travels through the world and between the worlds. (…)
Andreas Franke
Andreas Franke
Andreas Franke
Andreas Franke
Andreas Franke
Andreas Franke
Andreas Franke
Andreas Franke
 
Dasha Pears
Nationality: Russian
Born: 1982
Dasha Pears is an award-winning Russian conceptual photographer, currently based in Helsinki, Finland. Dasha's unique style is dreamlike and whimsical. Her works tell stories that combine real life and surrealism, making the viewer stop and think.

She started her photographic path in 2011, after reaching burnout in a marketing communications career. Having tried many types of photography, Dasha found herself in conceptual and fine art sphere. Since then her images (…)
Dasha Pears
Dasha Pears
Dasha Pears
Dasha Pears
Dasha Pears
Dasha Pears
Dasha Pears
Dasha Pears
 
Tamara Dean
Nationality: Australian
Born: 1976

From www.tamaradean.com
Tamara Dean (b. 1976, Sydney, Australia) is a photographic artist whose works explore the informal rites of passage and rituals of young people within the natural world.
Her solo shows include Ritualism, Divine Rites, This too Shall Pass and Only Human.
Dean has received numerous awards including a $10,000 High Commendation prize in the 2013 Moran (…)
Tamara Dean
Tamara Dean
Tamara Dean
Tamara Dean
Tamara Dean
Tamara Dean
Tamara Dean
Tamara Dean
 
Bear Kirkpatrick
Nationality: American
Born: 1965
Bear Kirkpatrick’s work has been exhibited at the Center for Fine Art Photography (Ft.Collins), The Rayko Center (San Francisco), wall-space Gallery (Santa Barbara and Seattle), photo-eye Gallery (Santa Fe), Flowers Gallery (New York), and the PRC Gallery (Boston). His Wallportrait series was recently awarded a solo exhibitions at the Center for Fine Art Photography by Amy Arbus who juried the Portraits 2014 exhibition. His work has been published in Eyemazing (Netherlands),(…)
Bear Kirkpatrick
Bear Kirkpatrick
Bear Kirkpatrick
Bear Kirkpatrick
Bear Kirkpatrick
Bear Kirkpatrick
Bear Kirkpatrick
Bear Kirkpatrick
 
Mariko Evans
Nationality: Japanese
A self taught photographic artist, based in Vancouver, Canada, born and raised in Japan. Photography has always been her serious hobby since she obtained her first film SLR in 1990. After living/traveling to many places (including her inner world), she strongly reconnected with photography and started photographic services in 2008 in Sydney, Australia, where half her soul still resides. In 2011, she moved to Vancouver and continued to create her artworks.

Her (…)
Mariko Evans
Mariko Evans
Mariko Evans
Mariko Evans
Mariko Evans
Mariko Evans
Mariko Evans
Mariko Evans
 
Reginald Van de Velde
Nationality: Belgian
Born: 1975
Reginald Van de Velde (Belgium, 1975) scouts the unknown and the unseen. As a wanderer of wastelands he journeys all over the world, trying to capture the momentum of splendour still undisturbed by the turmoil and temptations of modern society. He is a vagabond for lost beauty, a chronicler of forgotten magnificence.

His work has been exhibited internationally in both solo and group expos, including The Art & Science Museum (Singapore), Backlight Photo Festival ((…)
Reginald Van de Velde
Reginald Van de Velde
Reginald Van de Velde
Reginald Van de Velde
Reginald Van de Velde
Reginald Van de Velde
Reginald Van de Velde
Reginald Van de Velde
 
Maroesjka Lavigne
Nationality: Belgium
Born: 1989

Maroesjka Lavigne (b.1989, Belgium) gained her Masters in Photography at Ghent University in the summer of 2012. Her work has been shown internationally at the Foam Talent exhibition in Amsterdam, The Robert Mann Gallery in New York, Galerie Hug in Paris and Museum Saint Guislain in Gent, Belgium, among others. She self-published a book called ‘ísland’ in 2012 that sold out. In 2014 she published a postcard version of this book. In 2015 she made a commissioned work ‘(…)
Maroesjka Lavigne
Maroesjka Lavigne
Maroesjka Lavigne
Maroesjka Lavigne
Maroesjka Lavigne
Maroesjka Lavigne
Maroesjka Lavigne
Maroesjka Lavigne
 
Julie Blackmon
Nationality: American
Born: 1966

Born in Springfield, Missouri, Julie Blackmon studied art education and photography at Missouri State University. She has received several national awards for her photographs, including commendation in the 2004 Santa Fe Center of Photography Project Competition, a merit award from the Society of Contemporary Photography, 2005 B& W Magazine Merit Award for Single Image Contest, 2006 1st Place for Domestic Vacations from the Santa Fe Center of Photograph Project (…)
Julie Blackmon
Julie Blackmon
Julie Blackmon
Julie Blackmon
Julie Blackmon
Julie Blackmon
Julie Blackmon
Julie Blackmon
 
David Bailey: SUMO
 
Join our newsletter
Be up-to-date with call for entries, deadlines and other news about exhibitions, galleries, publications, & special events
 
Discover the 6th Issue of AAP Magazine
All About Photo Magazine showcases the winners of AAP Magazine Competitions
 
 
 
The Jules Maeght Gallery is a contemporary art gallery who seeks to engage the San Francisco community by infusing European artists, young and established alike, into a diverse, multimedia dialogue.
 
TAKES U TO THE NEXT LEVEL
 
Since 2005, your guide through contemporary art from a French perspective to let you make exciting choices