William Henry Fox Talbot

British Photographer | Born: 1800 - Died: 1877

William Henry Fox Talbot was born on 11 February 1800 in Melbury, Dorset, into a well-connected family. His father died when he was less than a year old and he and his mother lived in a succession of homes until she remarried in 1804. Talbot went to Cambridge University in 1817.

In 1832, he married Constance Mundy and the same year was elected as MP for Chippenham. In 1833, while visiting Lake Como in Italy, his lack of success at sketching the scenery prompted him to dream up a new machine with light-sensitive paper that would make the sketches for him automatically. On his return to England, he began work on this project at his home at Lacock Abbey in Wiltshire.

Thomas Wedgwood had already made photograms - silhouettes of leaves and other objects - but these faded quickly. In 1827, Joseph Nicéphore de Niepce had produced pictures on bitumen, and in January 1839, Louis Daguerre displayed his 'Daguerreotypes' - pictures on silver plates - to the French Academy of Sciences. Three weeks later, Fox Talbot reported his 'art of photogenic drawing' to the Royal Society. His process based the prints on paper that had been made light sensitive, rather than bitumen or copper-paper.

Fox Talbot went on to develop the three primary elements of photography: developing, fixing, and printing. Although simply exposing photographic paper to the light produced an image, it required extremely long exposure times. By accident, he discovered that there was an image after a very short exposure. Although he could not see it, he found he could chemically develop it into a useful negative. The image on this negative was then fixed with a chemical solution. This removed the light-sensitive silver and enabled the picture to be viewed in bright light. With the negative image, Fox Talbot realised he could repeat the process of printing from the negative. Consequently, his process could make any number of positive prints, unlike the Daguerreotypes. He called this the 'calotype' and patented the process in 1841. The following year was rewarded with a medal from the Royal Society for his work.

Fox Talbot was also an eminent mathematician, an astronomer and archaeologist, who translated the cuneiform inscriptions from Nineveh. He died on 11 September 1877.

Source: BBC

William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
David Bailey: SUMO
 
 

More Great Photographers To Discover

Maggie Taylor
Nationality: American
Born: 1961

From vervegallery.com
Maggie Taylor received her BA degree in philosophy from Yale University in 1983 and her MFA degree in photography from the University of Florida in 1987. After more than ten years as a still life photographer, she began to use the computer to create her images in 1996. Her work is featured in Adobe Photoshop Master (…)
Maggie Taylor
Maggie Taylor
Maggie Taylor
Maggie Taylor
Maggie Taylor
Maggie Taylor
Maggie Taylor
Maggie Taylor
 
Mo Kwang
Nationality: Korean
Born: 1979
Kwang Mo was formally trained in photography at the Kaywon School of Art and Design in Korea. He was awarded the 13th Young Photographer’s Prize during the Daegu Photo Biennale and a place in the SeMA (Selected Emerging Artists) Support Program from Seoul Art Museum in 2010. In 2010, Mo was also nominated for the Prix Pictet award in France. In his sepia-tinted photographs selected for “New Photography in Korea II”, Kwang Mo blurs the line that separates fantasy and reality. (…)
Mo Kwang
Mo Kwang
Mo Kwang
Mo Kwang
Mo Kwang
Mo Kwang
Mo Kwang
Mo Kwang
 
Martin Parr
Nationality: British
Born: 1952

Martin Parr is one of the best-known documentary photographers of his generation. With over 100 books of his own published, and another 30 edited by Parr, his photographic legacy is already established.

Parr also acts as a curator and editor. He has curated two photography festivals, Arles in 2004 and Brighton Biennial in 2010. More recently Parr curated the Barbican exhibition, Strange and Familiar.

Parr has been a member of the Magnum agency (…)
Martin Parr
Martin Parr
Martin Parr
Martin Parr
Martin Parr
Martin Parr
Martin Parr
Martin Parr
 
Drew A. Kelly
Nationality: American
Drew A. Kelly is a freelance photographer based in Long Beach, Ca.
His disiplines include all forms of photojournalism; spot news, sports, features, live performances and long term photo stories as well as beauty, fashion, and portraiture.
His unique approach to photography and work ethic has earned him a reputation for consistently producing striking images with great attention to detail.

Drew A. Kelley's work has been published world wide including Russia, (…)
Drew A. Kelly
Drew A. Kelly
Drew A. Kelly
Drew A. Kelly
Drew A. Kelly
Drew A. Kelly
Drew A. Kelly
Drew A. Kelly
 
André Kertész
Nationality: Hungarian
Born: 1894 - Died: 1985

André Kertész, born Kertész Andor, was a Hungarian-born photographer known for his groundbreaking contributions to photographic composition and the photo essay. In the early years of his career, his then-unorthodox camera angles and style prevented his work from gaining wider recognition. Kertész never felt that he had gained the worldwide recognition he deserved. Today he is considered one of the seminal figures of photojournalism. Expected by his family to work as a (…)
André Kertész
André Kertész
André Kertész
André Kertész
André Kertész
André Kertész
André Kertész
André Kertész
 
William Henry Fox Talbot
Nationality: British
Born: 1800 - Died: 1877

William Henry Fox Talbot was born on 11 February 1800 in Melbury, Dorset, into a well-connected family. His father died when he was less than a year old and he and his mother lived in a succession of homes until she remarried in 1804. Talbot went to Cambridge University in 1817.

In 1832, he married Constance Mundy and the same year was elected as MP for Chippenham. In 1833, while visiting Lake Como in Italy, his lack of success at sketching the scenery (…)
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
William Henry Fox Talbot
 
Richard Avedon
Nationality: American
Born: 1923 - Died: 2004

Born in New York on 15 May 1923, Richard Avedon was in possession of a Kodak Box Brownie camera by the age of 12. Having studied philosophy at Columbia University in the late Thirties, Avedon went on to study photography under Alexey Brodovitch at the Design Laboratory of the New School of Social Research. Richard Avedon shot the Paris collections for almost 40 years, and was staff photographer for Vogue from 1966 until 1990. Richard Avedon became the first ever staff (…)
 
Christian Chaize
Nationality: French
Christian Chaize, a self-taught artist, lives and works in Lyon, France. In 1992, he was awarded the Prix European Panorama de Kodak for Young European Photographer in Arles, France. In addition to his artistic achievements, he enjoys a successful career as a commercial photographer.

In 2004, Chaize became intrigued by a small stretch of coastline in southern Portugal. Itching an artistic scratch, he began shooting what was then an entirely new subject matter for (…)
Christian Chaize
Christian Chaize
Christian Chaize
Christian Chaize
Christian Chaize
Christian Chaize
Christian Chaize
Christian Chaize
 
Espen Rasmussen
Nationality: Norvegian
Born: 1976
Espen Rasmussen is based at Nesodden, close to Oslo, Norway. He works as a photo editor in VG Helg — the weekend magazine of the biggest daily Norwegian newspaper VG. At the same time he is constantly working on his own photo projects. Rasmussen focuses specially on humanitarian issues and the challenges related to climate change. He is represented by Panos Pictures. In 2008 he was listed by Photo District News on the prestigeous PDNs 30 — New and Emerging Photographers to (…)
 
David Bailey: SUMO
 
Join our newsletter
Be up-to-date with call for entries, deadlines and other news about exhibitions, galleries, publications, & special events
 
NEW! All About Photo Awards 2019 Magazine
All About Photo Awards 2019
 
 
 
The Jules Maeght Gallery is a contemporary art gallery who seeks to engage the San Francisco community by infusing European artists, young and established alike, into a diverse, multimedia dialogue.
 
TAKES U TO THE NEXT LEVEL
 
Since 2005, your guide through contemporary art from a French perspective to let you make exciting choices