Traveling throughout the United States and to more than 140 countries during more than 40 years, Rutledge captured quiet moments of humanity and mission ministry in hundreds of classic photographs taken for the Home (now North American) Mission Board and later for the Foreign (now International) Mission Board. He called his best photographs "windows on the soul." His images helped millions of inspired viewers to understand, pray for, and participate in missions.
Born on a farm in Depression-era Tennessee, Rutledge originally intended to be a pastor. He tried preaching for a time after studying theology in college and seminary. But he discovered an old box camera that belonged to his uncle — and the call of photographing the world and the people in it proved far stronger. He began to shoot picture stories as a freelancer and eventually joined Black Star, then the nation's top photojournalism agency, covering stories for the next 10 years in numerous countries for magazines such as Life, Look and Paris Match.
His reputation quickly grew, and he became internationally known when he shot the pictures for “Black Like Me,” John Howard Griffin’s 1961 book about his experiences of racism in the last days of the Jim Crow-era South when Griffin darkened his skin to appear black. The book became one of the most famous chronicles of the struggle for change during the civil rights era.
At the height of his potential as a globe-trotting photographer, Rutledge left Black Star in 1966 to shoot pictures for the then-Home Mission Board. Several photographer colleagues told him he was crazy, but they didn’t understand his deepest motivations. He’d been searching for creative ways to communicate the Gospel since his youth in Tennessee. Over the next decade and more he traveled to all 50 states, capturing the compassion of missionaries and the needs of the people they served in the pages of Home Missions magazine and three full-length books. In 1980, he joined the then-Foreign Mission Board as a special assignment photographer, continuing his photographic ministry worldwide for another 15 years, primarily for The Commission magazine. He formally retired in 1996, but continued doing freelance assignments in the United States and overseas until he suffered a debilitating stroke in 2001.
Rutledge received more than 300 awards for his work and inspired hundreds of young photographers, writers and mission communicators — many of whom he mentored personally — to follow in his footsteps. "I love photojournalism and enjoy using it as a worldwide Christian ministry,"
Rutledge once wrote. "It forces me to see, to look beyond what the average person observes, to search where few people care even to look, to glance over and beyond my backyard fence. It gives my ‘seeing’ a newness and a freshness as I work to communicate the Christian messages I want to convey. It helps me translate the national and international ministries into human terms by telling the story through people rather than through statistics."