Alfred Stieglitz

American Photographer | Born: 1864 - Died: 1946

Through his activities as a photographer, critic, dealer, and theorist, Alfred Stieglitz had a decisive influence on the development of modern art in America during the early twentieth century. Born in 1864 in New Jersey, Stieglitz moved with his family to Manhattan in 1871 and to Germany in 1881. Enrolled in 1882 as a student of mechanical engineering in the Technische Hochschule (technical high school) in Berlin, he was first exposed to photography when he took a photochemistry course in 1883. From then on he was involved with photography, first as a technical and scientific challenge, later as an artistic one.

Returning with his family to America in 1890, he became a member of and advocate for the school of pictorial photography in which photography was considered to be a legitimate form of artistic expression. In 1896 he joined the Camera Club in New York and managed and edited Camera Notes, its quarterly journal. Leaving the club six years later, Stieglitz established the Photo-Secession group in 1902 and the influential periodical Camera Work in 1903. In 1905, to provide exhibition space for the group, he founded the first of his three New York galleries, The Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession, which came to be known as Gallery 291. In 1907 he began to exhibit the work of other artists, both European and American, making the gallery a fulcrum of modernism. As a gallery director, Stieglitz provided emotional and intellectual sustenance to young modernists, both photographers and artists. His Gallery 291 became a locus for the exchange of critical opinions and theoretical and philosophical views in the arts, while his periodical Camera Work became a forum for the introduction of new aesthetic theories by American and European artists, critics, and writers.

After Stieglitz closed Gallery 291 in 1917, he photographed extensively, and in 1922 he began his series of cloud photographs, which represented the culmination of his theories on modernism and photography. In 1924 Stieglitz married Georgia O'Keeffe, with whom he had shared spiritual and intellectual companionship since 1916. In December of 1925 he opened the Intimate Gallery; a month later Duncan Phillips purchased his first works from Stieglitz’s gallery, paintings by Dove, Marin, and O'Keeffe. In 1929 Stieglitz opened a gallery called An American Place, which he was to operate until his death. During the thirties, Stieglitz photographed less, stopping altogether in 1937 due to failing health. He died in 1946, in New York. The Collection contains nineteen gelatin-silver photographs of clouds by Stieglitz.

Source: The Phillips Collection

Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz: Camera Work
Author: Alfred Stieglitz
Publisher: Taschen
Year: 2013 - Pages: 552
Highlights from Stieglitz's legendary photo journal (1903-1917) "This has to be the 'must buy' book of the decade—no photographic library will be complete without it. " - mono, UK Photographer, writer, publisher, and curator Alfred Stieglitz (1864-1946) was a visionary far ahead of his time. Around the turn of the 20th century, he founded the Photo-Secession, a progressive movement concerned with advancing the creative possibilities of photography, and by 1903 began publishing Camera Work, an avant-garde magazine devoted to voicing the ideas, both in images and words, of the Photo-Secession. Camera Work was the first photo journal whose focus was visual, rather than technical, and its illustrations were of the highest quality hand-pulled photogravure printed on Japanese tissue. This book brings together a broad selection from the journal’s 50 issues.
 
Stieglitz, Steichen, Strand
Author: Malcolm Daniel
Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art
Year: 2010 - Pages: 180
Alfred Stieglitz (1864–1946), Edward Steichen (1879–1973), and Paul Strand (1890–1976) are among the most famous photographers of the 20th century. This handsome volume showcases for the first time the Metropolitan Museum’s extraordinarily rich holdings of works by these diverse and groundbreaking masters. A passionate advocate for photography and modern art promoted through his “Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession” (also known as “291”) and his journal Camera Work, Stieglitz was also a photographer of supreme accomplishment. Featured works by Stieglitz include portraits, landscapes, city views, and cloud studies, along with photographs from his composite portrait of Georgia O’Keeffe (selected by O’Keeffe herself for the Museum). Steichen—perhaps best known as a fashion photographer, celebrity portraitist, and MoMA curator—was Stieglitz’s man in Paris, gallery collaborator, and most talented exemplar of Photo-Secessionist photography. His three large variant prints of The Flatiron and his moonlit photographs of Rodin’s Balzac are highlighted here. Marking a pivotal moment in the course of photography, the final double issue of Camera Work (1915–17) was devoted to the young Paul Strand, whose photographs from 1915 and 1916 treated three principal themes—movement in the city, abstractions, and street portraits—and pioneered a shift from the soft-focus Pictorialist aesthetic to the straight approach and graphic power of an emerging modernism. Represented are Strand’s rare large platinum prints—most of them unique exhibition prints of images popularly known only as Camera Work photogravures. The rarely exhibited photographs gathered in Stieglitz, Steichen, Strand are among the crown jewels of the Metropolitan’s collection.
 
Alfred Stieglitz: Masters of Photography Series
Author: Alfred Stieglitz
Publisher: Aperture
Year: 1997 - Pages: 96
Alfred Stieglitz was one of the most important cultural forces in twentieth-century America. As founder of the Photo Secession movement and editor of the influential Camera Work he eschewed the prevailing “artiness” of pictorialist photography, preferring clarity of vision and “crystallized awareness.” In galleries such as “291” and An American Place he showed and championed the work of modern artists from the US and Europe. As a photographer, editor, and gallery director Stieglitz was a powerful influence on photography and on American art in general.
 
David Bailey: SUMO
 
 

More Great Photographers To Discover

Marco Garabello
Nationality: Italian
No, I haven't been a photographer for all of my life. When I was younger, I worked as a journalist and TV anchorman, then, for another ten years, I worked as a manager for several companies, both Italian and foreign. Then the "fil rouge" of photography, that crossed my whole life, had the upper hand and became a full-time job, that I could enrich with all my previous experiences.
More than six hundreds awards in International Photo Contests (among which 120 gold medals)(…)
Marco Garabello
Marco Garabello
Marco Garabello
Marco Garabello
Marco Garabello
Marco Garabello
Marco Garabello
Marco Garabello
 
Walker Evans
Nationality: American
Born: 1903 - Died: 1975

Walker Evans (November 3, 1903 – April 10, 1975) was an American photographer best known for his work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA) documenting the effects of the Great Depression. Much of Evans's work from the FSA period uses the large-format, 8x10-inch camera. He said that his goal as a photographer was to make pictures that are "literate, authoritative, transcendent". Many of his works are in the permanent collections of museums and have been the subject (…)
Walker Evans
Walker Evans
Walker Evans
Walker Evans
Walker Evans
Walker Evans
Walker Evans
Walker Evans
 
Hengki Koentjoro
Nationality: Indonesian
Born: 1963
Born and bred amongst thousands of Indonesian islands, Hengki Koentjoro is a Californian-educated fine art photographer who finds solace in the monochromatic realm. A platform towards idealism he believes to be his true purpose in life's journey of expression.

Hengki Koentjoro is an accomplished photographer, specializing in capturing the spectral domain that lies amidst the shades of black and white. Born in Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia on March 24th 1963, he (…)
Hengki Koentjoro
Hengki Koentjoro
Hengki Koentjoro
Hengki Koentjoro
Hengki Koentjoro
Hengki Koentjoro
Hengki Koentjoro
Hengki Koentjoro
 
Chuck Fishman
Nationality: American
Born: 1953
In his 40-year career, freelance photographer Chuck Fishman has focused on social and political issues with a strong humanistic concern.

His work has been extensively published, exhibited, and collected worldwide, and has earned him the prestigious World Press Photo Foundation Medal four times.

His photographs have appeared on the covers of Time, Life, Fortune, Newsweek, The London Sunday Times, The Economist and numerous others, and have been selected (…)
Chuck Fishman
Chuck Fishman
Chuck Fishman
Chuck Fishman
Chuck Fishman
Chuck Fishman
Chuck Fishman
Chuck Fishman
 
Yousuf Karsh
Nationality: Canadian
Born: 1908 - Died: 2002

Yousuf Karsh is the most renowned portrait photographer of our time. He has perceptively photographed the statesmen, artists, and literary and scientific figures that have shaped our lives in the 20th century. Known for his ability to transform "the human face into legend," many of the portraits that he created have become virtually the image of the great man or woman they portray, whether Winston Churchill, Ernest Hemingway, Albert Einstein, Georgia O'Keefe or (…)
Yousuf Karsh
Yousuf Karsh
Yousuf Karsh
Yousuf Karsh
Yousuf Karsh
Yousuf Karsh
Yousuf Karsh
Yousuf Karsh
 
Mustafa Hassona
Nationality: Palestinian
Born: 1981
A photographer from Gaza Strip, Palestine works now with Anadolu Agency AA, and Freelance photojournalist, working as photographer since 2007, worked as freelancer for AFP, RETURES Besides number of international press outlets, winner of POYI 73th prize (picture of the years), winner of Sony World Photography Awards, winner of maltaphotoaward, winner of All About Photo Photographer of the Year 2019, winner of LENSCULTURE AWARDS Visual Storytelling Awards 2019, Finalist, (…)
Mustafa Hassona
Mustafa Hassona
Mustafa Hassona
Mustafa Hassona
Mustafa Hassona
Mustafa Hassona
Mustafa Hassona
Mustafa Hassona
 
John Rankin
Nationality: English
Born: 1966

Synonymous with compelling portraiture, Rankin's lens captures, creates and unveils icons.

Rankin made his name in publishing, founding the seminal monthly magazine Dazed & Confused with Jefferson Hack in 1992. It provided a platform for innovation for emerging stylists, designers, photographers and writers. The magazine went on to forge a distinctive mark in the arts and publishing spheres, and developed a cult status forming and moulding trends, and (…)
John Rankin
John Rankin
John Rankin
John Rankin
John Rankin
John Rankin
John Rankin
John Rankin
 
Haley Jane Samuelson
Nationality: American
Haley Jane Samuelson was born and raised in Denver, Colorado until the age of thirteen when her family relocated to Amsterdam, The Netherlands. It was there she first fell in love with photography. She received in B.F.A. in photography and digital media from the Ringling School of Art and Design in Sarasota, Florida. In 2008 she completed her M.F.A at Parsons the New School for Design. She is currently represented by Charlet Photographies in France and by Hous Projects (…)
Haley Jane Samuelson
Haley Jane Samuelson
Haley Jane Samuelson
Haley Jane Samuelson
Haley Jane Samuelson
Haley Jane Samuelson
Haley Jane Samuelson
Haley Jane Samuelson
 
Fabio M. Roque
Nationality: Portuguese
Born: 1985
Fábio M. Roque (b. 1985) is a photographer born and based in Lisbon, Portugal. He studied photography at I.P.F. (Portuguese Institute of Photography), Lisbon between 2004 and 2007, later He then attended the workshop of History of Photography Contemporary at Ar.Co., Lisbon 2010. Worked in two newspapers, both now extinct. His work is mainly on documentary photography; more recently discovered is passion for a more personal kind of photography. Has already made several solo (…)
Fabio M. Roque
Fabio M. Roque
Fabio M. Roque
Fabio M. Roque
Fabio M. Roque
Fabio M. Roque
Fabio M. Roque
Fabio M. Roque
 
David Bailey: SUMO
 
Join our newsletter
Be up-to-date with call for entries, deadlines and other news about exhibitions, galleries, publications, & special events
 
Discover the 6th Issue of AAP Magazine
All About Photo Magazine showcases the winners of AAP Magazine Competitions
 
 
 
The Jules Maeght Gallery is a contemporary art gallery who seeks to engage the San Francisco community by infusing European artists, young and established alike, into a diverse, multimedia dialogue.
 
TAKES U TO THE NEXT LEVEL
 
Since 2005, your guide through contemporary art from a French perspective to let you make exciting choices